The main function of Carnitine is to accelerate the oxidation process of fatty acids, and thus –due to this process– energy is produced. That is, thanks to Carnitine, body fat is converted into energy.
Carnitine is synthesized mainly in the liver and kidneys from the amino acids Lysine and Methionine.
A very high percentage of Carnitine is found in heart cells and skeletal muscles, so its lack can affect the normal functioning of heart and muscles.
There are several types of Carnitine: L-Carnitine, D-Carnitine, L-Acetylcarnitine and L-Propionylcarnitine, each with different functions and uses.
The main sources of Carnitine are red meat, dairy, brewer’s yeast, cauliflower, and wheat germ.
Carnitine is used in the treatment of many cardiovascular, renal and hepatic disorders, as well as in the treatment of other diseases.
In athletes, it is recommended to take the daily dose of Carnitine before training; in this way, the body does not obtain energy only from the reserves of carbohydrates or the muscle itself, but also through the metabolism of fatty acids.